AP – Saudi Arabia accused Iran of supplying weapons to Shiite rebels in Yemen and urged the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Tehran for violating an arms embargo.
Saudi Ambassador Abdallah Al-Mouallimi said in a letter to the council obtained late Saturday by The Associated Press that the smuggling of arms to Houthi rebels violates council resolutions and constitutes “a direct and tangible threat” to Saudi Arabia, Yemen, the region and international peace.
In Yemen, a Saudi-led coalition backing the internationally recognized government launched a bombing campaign in March 2015 against Iranian-backed rebels known as Houthis who are allied with army units loyal to a former president Ali Abdullah Saleh. Bombing by the US-backed coalition, comprising nine Arab nations, has pushed the Houthis out of southern Yemen but they still control the capital, Sanaa, which they seized in 2014.
Al-Mouallimi cited several examples of the seizure of Iranian weapons shipments at sea by the US, Australia and France. He said the Houthis and forces loyal to Yemen’s former president “must be held accountable for their continued irresponsible and criminal behavior.”
He urged the council “to take all necessary measures” — diplomatic language for sanctions — to demand that Iran complies with UN resolutions.
Iran’s UN Mission “categorically” rejected the allegations, saying the claims have not been independently verified.
Saudi Arabia and Iran severed diplomatic relations in January after Riyadh executed a several convicted terrorists, including a Shiite cleric. Iranian mobs overran Saudi diplomatic missions in anger.
This latest dispute comes as the UN special envoy to Yemen, Ismael Ould Cheikh Ahmed, is trying again to halt the fighting which has killed more than 9,000 people and displaced 2.4 million, and negotiate a political solution. He has stressed that a new cessation of hostilities is key to restarting talks to end the civil war in the Arab world’s poorest country.
In the letter dated Sept. 14, Al-Mouallimi reiterated Saudi Arabia’s support for Cheikh Ahmed’s efforts to end the conflict.
The statement from Iran’s UN Mission said, “Iran does not believe in a military solution in Yemen and has always urged for cessation of hostilities, dialogue and resort to legal and peaceful mechanisms to achieve a peaceful resolution to this conflict.”
Yemen is expected to be the focus of a meeting on the sidelines of this week’s annual meeting of world leaders at the UN General Assembly.

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