Dr. Hanan Bdr Eldin:
When purchasing a package of foods, we must pay attention to the ingredients written on the packaging, because according to the specifications of the global health organization , all the companies producing these packages have been obliged to write their contents. Among these contents in many of these foods, we find a number with the letter E next to it and we did not notice the seriousness of this substance and its effect on human health.
So in this article we will talk about all the products containing these symbols and numbers and the damage that can be caused to human health.
Now we will talk about food colours :
E 100 :
E100 is a food additive approved by the European Union (E.U.). It is used as a natural colouring agent in food products, and may also be produced artificially.
The common name for E100 is Curcumin.
E100 is derived from the root of the curcuma (turmeric) herb. Its colour ranges from yellow to red, depending on the surrounding pH. The curcuma herb is a member of the ginger family .
E100 has shown by some studies to have anti-carcinogic and antioxidant properties. Some research has indicated that E100 may interfere with the HIV virus. Individuals subjected to very high concentrations have been said to experience side effects of nausea and migraines .
Examples of food and drink products that may include E100 :
• fish fingers
• carbonated soft drinks
This if it is naturally 100 % but in food industry they are not available but made with fat based emulsifiers such as Polysorbate 80 .
What is the problem caused by Polysorbate 80 ?
Problems caused by Polysorbate 80:
• It thumps your immune system.
• It’s hard on fertility and can even make you sterile.
• It whacks your intestines, causing problems such as colitis, leaky gut syndrome, and inflammatory bowel
• Damaged intestines mean you can’t absorb the nutrition you need, which opens another big can of worms.
• And a flaky small intestine also interferes with everything your endocrine system needs to do because most
of what your thyroid, adrenals, etc. do, they do in your small intestine. Well, who knew?
• It causes inflammation, the main cause of disease. Heart disease, for one.
• It leads to obesity.
• And causes metabolic syndrome, the beginning of Type 2 Diabetes.
E 101 :
E101(i) = Vitamin B2
E101 (i) and E101 (ii) are a food additives approved by the European Union (EU). They are used as natural colouring agents in food products.
The common names for E101 (i) and (ii) are Riboflavin and Riboflavin-5’phosphate, respectively.
E101 (i) is better known as vitamin B2.
These colourings occur naturally in liver, kidney, eggs, milk and vegetables. They can also be prepared industrially by synthesis of certain yeasts. E101 gives foods a yellow colour but its use is limited by its low solubility.
E101 in the diet is essential in order for antibody production and for the formation of red blood cells.
Examples of food and drink products that may include E101:
• fish fingers
• bakery products
E 102 :
E102 is a food additive approved by the European Union (EU). It is used as a synthetic colouring agent in food products.
The common name for E102 is Tartrazine.
E102 gives a yellow colour to food products and is very soluble in water. The colouring is derived from coal tar.
The colouring E102 has been thought to worsen some symptoms of asthma and bring about allergic reactions in many people, such as migraines and skin irritation. E102has also been known to cause hyperactivity and is banned in Norway and Austria.
Examples of food and drink products that may include E102:
• soft drinks
• canned fish
Health Effects of Yellow 5 Food Coloring ( Tartrazine ) :
Yellow 5 is also known as tartrazine or E102. Yellow 5 is widely used in the making of potato chips, jams, candy, drinks and even pet food. It is also added to shampoo and other cosmetic products, as well as vitamins and certain medications. Yellow 5 is banned in Austria and Norway, and other European countries have issued warnings about their possible side effects. It is still freely and extensively used in the US, however.
The April 1, 2013 Code of Federal Regulations declare label statements for Yellow 5 must include a warning statement that the color additive may cause allergic reactions, such as asthma. The label can state the low rate of sensitivity related to tartrazine, but must note its prevalence in patients with aspirin hypersensitivity. The strong connection between sensitivity to Yellow 5 and aspirin is presented in multiple studies. A case study published in the June 2006 issue of “Allergology International,” reported multiple chemical sensitivities in a 5-year-old girl. Colorful sweets such as candies and jellybeans triggered her symptoms. Researchers discovered the patient suffered from sensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, and tartrazine, an azo dye.
Yellow 5 seems to cause hyperactivity in some children. The Food Standards Agency, FSA, which is UK’s equivalent to the FDA, issued a warning in 2008 about certain food colorings. The warning said that certain colorings, including tartrazine, can cause behavioral changes in children that included loss of concentration and impulsive, hard-to-control activity. The recommendation is to avoid or limit consumption of products that contain yellow 5. If a child develops hyperactive behavior, try eliminating this coloring from the diet and pay attention to the changes that follow.
Risk of Cancer
In their summary of studies on food dyes, the Center for Science in the Public Interest reports earlier studies that failed to show cancer causing or toxic effects of Yellow 5, were flawed. They did not comply with the minimum FDA standards for the age, number of animal subjects used, and some testing requirements for carcinogenic/chronic toxicity studies. In addition, the industry sponsored studies failed to use maximally tolerated dosages. CSPI determined the FDA limits for the carcinogens benzidine and 4-aminobiphenyl, were inadequately tested. They failed to account for the higher consumption of Yellow 5 by children who are more sensitive to cancer-causing agents. CSPI recommends all carcinogens be removed from food dyes.
The July 2006 issue of the “Journal of Clinical Psychiatry” published a study to determine if allergies to food or to food additives were causing intolerance to psychotropic drugs. Of the 2210 patients given drugs containing tartrazine, 83 developed allergic reactions. None of the study subjects reacted to drugs not containing tartrazine. Researchers determined, in patients exhibiting drug sensitivity, tartrazine allergy should be tested and the medications should be replaced with non-tartrazine-containing drugs. Yellow 5 has been linked to several other health problems, including blurred vision, migraines, fatigue and anxiety. It might also cause chromosomal damage, although this has not been properly studied or documented.
E 104 :
E104 is a food additive approved by the European Union (EU). It is used as a synthetic colouring agent in food and drink products, as well as in cosmetics.
The common name for E104 is Quinoline Yellow.
E104 is highly water soluble. It is also used in cosmetics such as hair products, lipsticks and perfumes, as well as a wide variety of foods.
E104 is banned (for certain uses) in the United States, Australia and Norway because it is believed to have caused dermatitis (inflammation of the skin).
Examples of food and drink products that may include E104:
• smoked fish
• scotch eggs
• ice lollies
Health Effects of Quinoline Yellow :
Like other artificial food colours, Quinoline yellow may result in increased hyperactivity in children. It may also cause allergy symptoms in people who are allergic to aspirin. However, one report indicates that there is no conclusive evidence for either of these claims .